Calder Foundation

Archive

Life period
1963–1976

Type
Chronology 150

See highlights from 1963–1976 on the timeline Monumental Works

1963

Hans Richter directs and films Alexander Calder: From the Circus to the Moon.

CF, project file
1963

Diego Masson commissions Earle Brown to compose a piece of music for the Percussion Quartet of Paris. The two men travel to Saché to meet with Calder, and Brown begins to work on the score, which he titles Calder Piece.

CF, project file
Mid-January 1963

Calder leaves Roxbury and flies to France to oversee work on six large stabiles at Etablissements Biémont.

Calder 1966, 265
15 February 1963

Calder returns to the United States.

CF, passport
13 March–12 April 1963

Frank Perls Gallery, Beverly Hills, exhibits “Calder: Mobiles, Stabiles and Gouaches.”

CF, exhibition file
19 March–27 April 1963

Perls Galleries, New York, exhibits “Alexander Calder: 1963.”

CF, exhibition file
2 May 1963

The Calders’ grandson, Alexander S. C. Rower, is born in New York to Mary and Howard Rower.

CF, birth certificate
16 June 1963

The Calders return to France.

CF, passport
Fall 1963

After eighteen months, the new studio at Saché is completed.

Calder 1966, 264
Le Carroi studio Saché (1963)
Le Carroi studio, Saché, 1963Photograph by Ugo Mulas © Ugo Mulas Heirs
Le Carroi studio, Saché, 1963Photograph by Ugo Mulas
22 November 1963

Galerie Maeght, Paris, exhibits “Alexander Calder: Stabiles.” Catalogue essays include “L’ombre de l’avenir” by James Jones and “Qu’est-ce qu’un Calder?” by Michel Ragon, with cover and illustrations by Calder.

CF, exhibition file
24 December 1963

La Comédie de Bourges performs La Provocation, with sets and costumes designed by Calder and choreography by Pierre Halet. The play opens in Bourges and is performed the following year in Tours (10 May 1964) and Paris (4 November 1964).

CF, project file

1964

1964

Art in America and Perls Galleries publishes Calder’s Circus, a portfolio of sixteen unbound lithographs with a text by Cleve Gray and a reproduction of a letter from Miró describing Calder’s 1932 performance of Cirque in Montroig.

CF, object file
January 1964

The Calders spend two weeks in Morocco; they visit Marrakech, Fès, Ouarzazate, and Casablanca.

AAA, Calder to Gray, 2 February
22 May 1964

The Calders sail on the SS France for New York, departing from Le Havre.

CF, passport; AAA, Calder to Gray, 5 May
27 May 1964

The Calders arrive in New York and return to Roxbury.

CF, passport
13 October–14 November 1964

Perls Galleries, New York, exhibits “Calder: Circus Ink Drawings 1931–1932.”

CF, exhibition file
28 October–20 November 1964

Grosvenor Gallery, London, presents “Miró: Graphics, Calder: Mobiles, Ch’i Pai-shih: Paintings.”

CF, exhibition file
5 November 1964

Calder attends the opening preview of “Alexander Calder: A Retrospective Exhibition” at the Solomon. R. Guggenheim Museum, New York.

CF, photography file; CF, exhibition file
Alexander Calder: A Retrospective Exhibition (1964)
Calder at the opening preview for Alexander Calder: A Retrospective Exhibition, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, 1964Photograph by Ugo Mulas © Ugo Mulas Heirs
Calder at the opening preview for Alexander Calder: A Retrospective Exhibition, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, 1964Photograph by Ugo Mulas
6 November 1964–31 January 1965

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, exhibits “Alexander Calder: A Retrospective Exhibition.” Thomas M. Messer curates the exhibition, which travels to St. Louis, Toronto, Milwaukee, and Des Moines.

CF, exhibition file
Alexander Calder: A Retrospective Exhibition (1964)
Installation photograph, Alexander Calder: A Retrospective Exhibition, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, 1964Photograph by Robert Mates © The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation
Installation photograph, Alexander Calder: A Retrospective Exhibition, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, 1964Photograph by Robert Mates
24 November–13 December 1964

The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, exhibits “Alexander Calder: Circus Drawings, Wire Sculpture and Toys.” Sweeney curates this exhibition.

CF, exhibition file

1965

January 1965

Before leaving for France, Calder meets with I. M. Pei to discuss a large stabile for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Calder 1966, 273
5–11 January 1965

The Calders sail on the SS France, arriving at Le Havre.

Calder 1966, 270; CF, passport
19 May 1965

The American Academy of Arts and Letters, New York, formally inducts Calder as a member.

Lipman 1976, 336
8 July–15 October 1965

Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris, exhibits “Calder,” a retrospective. Jean Cassou writes the catalogue preface.

CF, exhibition file
Musée National d’Art Moderne (1965)
Numbered 8 to 11 (1956), Dent de sagesse (1964), Spinnaker (1964), Calder, Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris, 1965
Numbered 8 to 11 (1956), Dent de sagesse (1964), Spinnaker (1964), Calder, Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris, 1965
23 July 1965

Calder arrives in Brussels.

CF, passport
27 July 1965

Calder departs from Belgium.

CF, passport
1965

Calder designs sets for Eppur Si Muove, a ballet choreographed by Joseph Lazzini and performed at the Marseilles Opera.

CF, project file
15 October 1965

The Calders return from Europe, arriving in New York.

CF, passport
23 October 1965

Miró flies to New York from Paris. He visits Calder in Roxbury.

CF, photography file
November 1965

Architect Harry Seidler and wife Penelope visit the Calders in Roxbury. Two years later, Calder completes the commission of Crossed Blades for the Australia Square Tower.

CF, project file
Crossed Blades (1979)
Crossed Blades (1967) in Australia Square, Sydney, c. 1979Photograph by Max Dupain © Polly Seidler
Crossed Blades (1967) in Australia Square, Sydney, c. 1979Photograph by Max Dupain
15 November 1965

Calder dedicates Le Guichet, a monumental stabile installed in Lincoln Center Plaza, New York.

CF, Calder to Lipman, 24 November; CF, object file
Le Guichet (1965)
Calder at the installation of Le Guichet (1963), Lincoln Center, New York, 1965Photograph by Ugo Mulas © Ugo Mulas Heirs
Calder at the installation of Le Guichet (1963), Lincoln Center, New York, 1965Photograph by Ugo Mulas
27 November 1965

Calder, a member of Artists for SANE (Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy), participates in a march to protest against the Vietnam War in Washington, D.C.

Lipman 1976, 337

1966

1966

Carlos Vilardebó films Mobiles, narrated by Calder and produced by Pathé Cinema, Paris.

CF, project file
1966

Calder completes the monumental standing mobile Chef d’orchestre for Earle Brown’s Calder Piece. The mobile functions as both a “conductor,” determining the sequence and speed of the music, and as one of the instruments whereupon the elements are struck or “played.”

CF, project file
2 January 1966

On behalf of SANE, the Calders take out a full-page ad in the New York Times: A New Year, New World. Hope for: An end to hypocrisy, self-righteousness, self interest, expediency, distortion and fear, wherever they exist. With great respect for those who rightly question brutality, and

speak out strongly for a more civilized world. Our only hope is in thoughtful Men—Reason is not treason.

New York Times, 2 January
New York Times: A New Year, New World (1966)
The Calders' full-page ad in the New York Times: A New Year, New World, 1966
The Calders' full-page ad in the New York Times: A New Year, New World, 1966
10 January 1966

The Calders set sail on the United States and return to Saché.

CF, passport; Calder 1966, 276
February 1966

In a hopeful gesture, Calder donates Object in Five Planes, a monumental stabile, to the United States Mission at the United Nations, New York, and dubs it Peace. The dedication ceremony takes place in May, when Calder returns from Europe.

New York Times, 8 February; CF, project file
12 February–12 March 1966

Perls Galleries, New York, exhibits works by Calder.

CF, exhibition file
18 February 1966

Galerie Maeght, Paris, exhibits “Calder: Gouaches et Totems.” The catalogue includes “Oiseleur du fer,” a poem by Jacques Prévert; “Alexander Calder” by Meyer Schapiro; “Les Gouaches de Calder” by Nicholas Guppy; and “De l’Art Students League aux Totems,” excerpted from

Calder’s autobiography, to be published in May of 1966. Cover and illustrations are by Calder.

CF, exhibition file
7 March 1966

The Calders return to New York.

CF, passport
16 March 1966

The Calders return to France.

CF, passport
Spring 1966

Pantheon Books publishes Calder: An Autobiography with Pictures. Calder had been dictating the text to his son-in-law, Jean Davidson, over the previous year and a half.

CF, publication file
5 May 1966

The Calders return to the United States.

CF, passport
7 May 1966

Calder attends the dedication of the monumental stabile La Grande voile in McDermott Court at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

CF, project file
La Grande voile (1966)
Calder and La Grande voile (1965) from above, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1966
Calder and La Grande voile (1965) from above, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1966
16 June 1966

Calder is awarded an honorary Doctor of Arts degree from Harvard University.

CF, diploma
22 June 1966

The Calders return to France.

CF, passport
10 October 1966

The Calders return to the United States.

CF, passport
15 November–17 December 1966

Perls Galleries, New York, exhibits “Calder: Jewelry.”

CF, exhibition file
19 November 1966

The Calders return to France.

CF, passport
26–27 December 1966

Calder and Louisa fly from Paris to Monaco to see his monumental standing mobile Quatre lances, which has recently been installed. They attend the dedication the following morning with Princess Grace and Prince Rainier, returning to Paris that afternoon.

CF, Calder to Shahn, 9 January 1967
Quatre lances (1967)
Calder with Quatre lances (1964) at Etablissements Biémont, Tours, France, 1967Photograph by Tony Vaccaro / Tony Vaccaro Archives
Calder with Quatre lances (1964) at Etablissements Biémont, Tours, France, 1967Photograph by Tony Vaccaro

1967

1967

Calder makes a gift of the large standing mobile Frisco to the Museo de la Habana, Cuba. The Cuban Government issues a postage stamp of it.

CF, exhibition file
Frisco (1966)
Stamp of Frisco (1966), 1967
Stamp of Frisco (1966), 1967
1 February–5 April 1967

The Museum of Modern Art, New York, exhibits “Calder: 19 Gifts from the Artist.”

CF, exhibition file
27 February 1967

Calder Piece, written by Earle Brown and featuring Calder’s Chef d’orchestre, is performed by Diego Masson and the Percussion Quartet of Paris at the Théâtre de l’Atelier. After the premiere, Calder remarks, I thought you were going to hit it harder.

CF, project file
March–April 1967

Mathias Goeritz, an architect, writes to Calder in Saché, inviting him to create a stabile for the 1968 summer Olympic Games in Mexico City; Calder agrees.

CF, Calder to Goeritz, 29 April
14 March 1967

The Calders return to the United States.

CF, passport
12 April 1967

The Calders return to France.

CF, passport
May 1967

Calder’s monumental stabile in unpainted stainless steel, commissioned by the International Nickel Company, is presented at the 1967 International and Universal Exposition (Expo ’67) in Canada, where the theme is “Man and His World.” I called it Three Discs, but

when I got over to Canada, they wanted to call it Man.

Arnason and Mulas 1971, 205; CF, project file
Trois disques II (1967)
Trois disques II, Montreal, 1967Photograph by Ugo Mulas © Ugo Mulas Heirs
Trois disques II, Montreal, 1967Photograph by Ugo Mulas
Before 14 May 1967

Calder and Louisa travel to Italy, visiting Rome, Spoleto, Florence, Puglia, and Naples.

CF, Calder to Rower, 8 and 10 May
6 May 1967

While in Florence, Calder creates a lithograph, Firenze, to commemorate the 1966 flood.

CF, object file
15–24 May 1967

The Calders travel to Berlin.

CF, passport; CF, Louisa to Mary, 14 May
Fall 1967

The Calders travel to Italy. At the suggestion of Carandente, Massimo Bogianckino, artistic director of the Teatro dell’Opera, Rome, commissions Calder to develop a work for the stage. Calder begins Work in Progress in December 1967.

Carandente 1983, 231
October 1967

New York City holds an outdoor group exhibition, “Sculpture in Environment.” Given the choice of any site in the city, Calder places two stabiles, Little Fountain and Triangle with Ears, in Harlem.

New York Times, 2 September
Little Fountain (1967)
Little Fountain and Triangle with Ears (both 1966), Harlem, New York, 1967Photograph by Ugo Mulas © Ugo Mulas Heirs
Little Fountain and Triangle with Ears (both 1966), Harlem, New York, 1967Photograph by Ugo Mulas
8 November 1967

Calder sends final instructions from Saché for El Sol Rojo, the stabile he created for the 1968 summer Olympic Games in Mexico City.

CF, Calder to Goeritz, 8 November
14 November–23 December 1967

Perls Galleries, New York, exhibits “Calder: Early Work–Rediscovered.”

CF, exhibition file
14 December 1967

The Calders return to the United States.

CF, passport
31 December 1967

After spending Christmas in the United States, the Calders arrive in Mexico City, where Calder oversees work on the intermediate maquette for El Sol Rojo.

CF, Calder to Goeritz, 8 November

1968

11 January 1968

Calder and Louisa journey to the Yucatán.

CF, travel file
1–23 February 1968

The Calders stop off in New York for a few weeks before returning to France.

CF, passport
9 March–13 May 1968

Maison de la Culture in Bourges, France, exhibits “Calder: Mobiles, Stabiles, Sculptures, Gouaches.” The exhibition later travels to Musée des Augustins, Toulouse.

CF, exhibition file
Around 9 March 1968

Calder is awarded the Officer of the Légion d’Honneur of France, possibly on the opening date of the exhibition. The presentation is made by M. Hoppenot, former ambassador to Washington.

CF, exhibition file; CF, awards file
11 March 1968

Calder’s Work in Progress is performed by the Teatro dell’Opera, Rome. For thirty years I have been thinking about a production that would be entirely mine, form and music working together. I long ago discussed this with Massine, but he insisted on having dancers. I later made

stage sets, but this is not exactly what I wanted to do … for Satie’s Socrate, Pichette’s Nucléa, John Butler’s The Glory Folk in Spoleto, for Joe Lazzini in Marseille. The idea of a production that was totally mine had already come to me in spirit in 1926 when I finished the Cirque, and when I tried to frame it in a stage opening, amusing myself by thinking it an actual theatre.

CF, project file; Carandente 1983
Work in Progress (1968)
Calder during rehearsals for Work in Progress, Teatro dell'Opera, Rome, 1968Photograph by John G. Ross © Estate of John G. Ross
Calder during rehearsals for Work in Progress, Teatro dell'Opera, Rome, 1968Photograph by John G. Ross
21 July 1968

To celebrate Calder’s seventieth birthday, Klaus Perls gives an intimate party at the Colombe d’Or in Saint-Paul-de-Vence. Miró attends.

New York Times, 28 July
October–November 1968

Galerie Maeght, Paris, exhibits “Flèches.” The catalogue text includes “Un géant enfant” byCarandente and “Note sur les flèches” by Jacques Dupin, with cover and illustrations by Calder.

CF, exhibition file
12 October 1968

The Calders return to the United States.

CF, passport
15 October–9 November 1968

Perls Galleries, New York, exhibits “Calder / Space: Drawings 1930–1932; Gouaches 1967–1968.”

CF, exhibition file
11 December 1968

The Calders return to Mexico City, where they view El Sol Rojo in place at Aztec Stadium.

CF, Calder to Goeritz, 2 December
El Sol Rojo (1968)
El Sol Rojo, Mexico City, 1968Photograph by Robert Emmett Smallman
El Sol Rojo, Mexico City, 1968Photograph by Robert Emmett Smallman
22 December 1968

The Calders return to France.

CF, passport

1969

1969

Calder builds a new house, Le Carroi, adjacent to the hilltop studio in Saché.

Lipman 1976, 338
Postcard showing aerial view of Le Carroi Saché (1976)
Postcard showing aerial view of Le Carroi, Saché, c. 1976
Postcard showing aerial view of Le Carroi, Saché, c. 1976
1969

Calder designs sets and costumes for Métaboles, choreographed by Joseph Lazzini, scored by Henri Dutilleux, and produced by Théâtre Français de la Danse.

CF, project file
Spring 1969

Janey Waney, commissioned by the N.K. Winston Corporation, is installed at the Smith Haven Mall in the Long Island village of Lake Grove. The force behind the site-specific project is the developer’s wife, Jane Holzer—or “Baby Jane,” a star of Andy Warhol’s films––for whom the sculpture was named.

CF, project file
Janey Waney (1969)
Janey Waney (1969), Smith Haven Mall, Lake Grove, New York, 1969
Janey Waney (1969), Smith Haven Mall, Lake Grove, New York, 1969
2 April–31 May 1969

Fondation Maeght, Saint-Paul-de-Vence, France, exhibits “Calder,” a retrospective. Calder installs Morning Cobweb, a monumental walk-through stabile, as the entrance to the exhibition.

CF, exhibition file
Morning Cobweb (1969)
Morning Cobweb, Fondation Maeght, Saint-Paul-de-Vence, France, 1969Photograph by Ugo Mulas © Ugo Mulas Heirs
Morning Cobweb, Fondation Maeght, Saint-Paul-de-Vence, France, 1969Photograph by Ugo Mulas
21 May 1969

The Calders return to the United States.

CF, passport
3 June 1969

Calder attends the dedication ceremony for his commissioned monumental stabile Gwenfritz, which is installed outside the Museum of History and Technology, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

CF, project file
Gwenfritz (1969)
Gwenfritz (1968), Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C., c. 1969
Gwenfritz (1968), Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C., c. 1969
7 June 1969

Stevens awards Calder the degree of Doctor of Engineering, Honoris Causa, on the fiftieth anniversary of his graduation.

CF, awards file
14 June 1969

Calder attends the dedication ceremony for La Grande vitesse, a monumental stabile commissioned by the city of Grand Rapids, Michigan, in August 1967. This is the first sculpture to be funded by the public art program of the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA).

CF, project file
Dedication of La Grande vitesse (1969)
Dedication of La Grande vitesse, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1969
Dedication of La Grande vitesse, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1969
7 October–8 November 1969

Perls Galleries, New York, exhibits “Alexander Calder: Bronze Sculptures of 1944.”

CF, exhibition file
Before 15 November 1969

Calder designs a button for the mass protest against the Vietnam War in Washington, D.C., sponsored by the New Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam.

CF, object file

1970

1970

The Calders move into the new house at Saché.

Lipman 1976, 338
Louisa Calder in the new Saché house (1976)

Louisa Calder, Le Carroi house, Saché, 1976

Photograph by Pedro Guerrero © Pedro Guerrero

Louisa Calder, Le Carroi house, Saché, 1976

Photograph by Pedro Guerrero
1970

In France, Calder makes The Stevens Mobile to commemorate Stevens’ one-hundredth anniversary.

CF, project file
12 January 1970

The Calders return to the United States.

CF, passport
April 1970

Calder is commissioned by Klaus Perls, Robert Graham, and Morton Rosenfeld to design a sidewalk strip on Madison Avenue between Seventy-eighth and Seventy-ninth Streets.

CF, project file
18 September 1970

Calder installs his black-and-white Sidewalk.

CF, project file
15 October 1970

The Calders return to the United States.

CF, passport
20 October–28 November 1970

Perls Galleries, New York, exhibits “Alexander Calder: Recent Gouaches–Early Mobiles.”

CF, exhibition file

1971

1971

Calder designs sets and costumes for the ballet Amériques, choreographed by Norbert Schmuki, scored by Edgard Varèse, and performed by the Ballet-Théâtre Contemporain in Amiens, France.

CF, object file
12 February 1971

Galerie Maeght, Paris, exhibits “Calder: Stabiles and Animobiles.” The catalogue text includes “Calder la liberté” by Carlos Franqui, with cover and illustrations by Calder.

CF, exhibition file
26 May 1971

The American Academy of Arts and Letters and the National Institute of Arts and Letters awards Calder the Gold Medal for Sculpture. Calder’s work is shown in the Academy’s group exhibition from 27 May–20 June.

Lipman 1976, 338; CF, awards file
1 June 1971

The Calders return to the United States.

CF, passport
30 September 1971

The Calders return to the United States.

CF, passport
5 October–6 November 1971

Perls Galleries, New York, exhibits “Calder: Animobiles–Recent Gouaches.” Klaus Perls writes the catalogue text.

CF, exhibition file
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