Calder Foundation
Calder with Red Post Black Leaves at Alexander Calder: Sculptures and Constructions, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1943. Red Panel (1936) is in the background.Photograph by Arnold Newman © Arnold Newman
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Related Timeline
1937–1945 Public Commissions and the War

In 1937, Calder completed Devil Fish, his first stabile enlarged from a model. He received two important commissions: Mercury Fountain (1937) and Lobster Trap and Fish Tail (1939). His first retrospective was held in 1938 at the George Walter Vincent Smith Gallery in Springfield, Massachusetts, followed by another in 1943 at the Museum of Modern Art in New York.