Calder Foundation
Installation photograph showing Untitled (c. 1934), Exposition Surréaliste d'Objets, Galerie Charles Ratton, Paris, 1936Photograph by Laurence Nadeline
Work shown  1
Related Timeline
1930–1936 Shift to Abstraction

Following a visit in October of 1930 to Piet Mondrian’s studio, where he was impressed by the environmental installation, Calder made his first wholly abstract compositions and invented the kinetic sculpture now known as the mobile. Coined for these works by Marcel Duchamp in 1931, the word “mobile” refers to both “motion” and “motive” in French. He also created stationary abstract works that Jean Arp dubbed “stabiles.”