Calder Foundation

Hair comb

Date c. 1935
Brass wire
7" × 8 1⁄4"
Memorial Art Gallery, University of Rochester; Gift of Charlotte Whitney Allen, 1978
Works / Jewelry 123
Related Timeline
1930–1936 Shift to Abstraction

Following a visit in October of 1930 to Piet Mondrian’s studio, where he was impressed by the environmental installation, Calder made his first wholly abstract compositions and invented the kinetic sculpture now known as the mobile. Coined for these works by Marcel Duchamp in 1931, the word “mobile” refers to both “motion” and “motive” in French. He also created stationary abstract works that Jean Arp dubbed “stabiles.”