Calder Foundation
Alexander Calder: Gongs and Towers
15 January–10 February 1952Curt Valentin Gallery, New York
Related documents  5
Selected works  13
Selected publications  6

Curt Valentin Gallery, New York. Alexander Calder: Gongs and Towers. Exhibition catalogue. 1952. Reprinted texts by James Johnson Sweeney and Fernand Léger.

Solo Exhibition Catalogue

“Gongs and Towers.” Art News, vol. 50, no. 9 (January 1952).


Preston, Stuart. “Chiefly Abstract.” New York Times, 20 January 1952.


Fitzsimmons, James. “Master Toymaker.” Art Digest, vol. 26, no. 9 (1 February 1952).


“New Mobiles at the Curt Valentin Gallery.” Interiors, vol. 111 (March 1952).


Rogers, W. G. “Sculpture on the Move Is the Calder Specialty.” (Publicaton unknown), 28 June 1953.

Chronology  1
15 January–10 February 1952

Curt Valentin Gallery, New York, exhibits “Alexander Calder: Gongs and Towers.” The catalogue texts are “Alexander Calder’s Mobiles” by Sweeney and “Calder” by Léger, with drawings by Calder of the objects exhibited.

Exhibitions / 1946–1952: International Distinction 6

Galerie Louis Carré, Paris. Alexander Calder: Mobiles, Stabiles, Constellations. 25 October–16 November 1946.

Buchholz Gallery/Curt Valentin, New York. Alexander Calder. 9–27 December 1947.

Ministério da Educação e Saúde, Rio de Janeiro. Alexander Calder. September 1948.

New Gallery, Charles Hayden Memorial Library, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge. Calder. 5 December 1950–14 January 1951.

Related Timeline
1946–1952 International Distinction

Calder had a major show in 1946 at Galerie Louis Carré in Paris for which Jean-Paul Sartre wrote a seminal essay. He designed sets and costumes for a number of theatrical performances and designed a huge acoustic ceiling for the Aula Magna auditorium at Universidad Central de Venezuela. In 1952, Calder represented the United States at the Venice Biennale, winning the grand prize for sculpture.