Calder Foundation

13 Spines

Date 1940
Media
Sheet metal, rod, wire, and paint
Dimensions
86" × 86"
Collection
Rheinisches Bildarchiv, Museum Ludwig, Cologne
Historical Photos  9
Related exhibitions  7
Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York (1940)

Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York. Calder. 14 May–1 June 1940.

Solo Exhibition
The Museum of Modern Art, New York (1943)

The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Alexander Calder: Sculptures and Constructions. 29 September 1943–16 January 1944.

Solo Exhibition
Galerie Louis Carré, Paris (1946)

Galerie Louis Carré, Paris. Alexander Calder: Mobiles, Stabiles, Constellations. 25 October–16 November 1946.

Solo Exhibition
Venice (1952)

Venice. XXVI Biennale di Venezia. 14 June–19 October 1952.

Group Exhibition
Fondation Maeght, Saint-Paul-de-Vence, France (1969)

Fondation Maeght, Saint-Paul-de-Vence, France. Calder. 2 April–31 May 1969.

Solo Exhibition
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (1976)

Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. Calder’s Universe. 14 October 1976–6 February 1977.

Solo Exhibition
Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome (2009)

Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome. Calder: Sculptor of Air. 23 October 2009–14 February 2010.

Solo Exhibition
Selected films  1
Alexander Calder: Sculpture and Constructions
Alexander Calder: Sculpture and Constructions 1944Cinematography by Herbert Matter
Works / Hanging Mobile 159
Related Timeline
1937–1945 Public Commissions and the War

In 1937, Calder completed Devil Fish, his first stabile enlarged from a model. He received two important commissions: Mercury Fountain (1937) and Lobster Trap and Fish Tail (1939). His first retrospective was held in 1938 at the George Walter Vincent Smith Gallery in Springfield, Massachusetts, followed by another in 1943 at the Museum of Modern Art in New York.